Title I, Part A - Improving the Academic Achievement of the Disadvantaged
Title I, Part A is the largest federal program supporting both elementary and secondary education and allocates its resources based upon the poverty rates of students enrolled in schools and districts.
Title I, Part A targets resources to districts and schools in greatest need. Eligibility is based on statutory formulas. Although the amount of Title I, Part A funds a school and district may receive is based on poverty rates, the children that benefit from the program(s) are not, necessarily, students in poverty. Rather, Colorado’s Title I, Part A programs work to address the needs of a school's lowest performing students and those students most at risk for not meeting the Colorado English Language Proficiency (CELP) and Colorado Academic Standards (CAS).
Title I, Part A Programs:
Title I, Part A funds are intended to support student achievement and growth at the school level. Schools eligible for Title I, Part A funds are determined based on school attendance areas and rank order. Districts may choose to provide supports and services to increase student achievement and growth through school-wide programs or targeted assistance programs. Additionally, districts may support some district-level Title I activities through district-managed activities and/or parent and community engagement activities.
- School-wide Programs– A Title I School-wide Program is an option for schools with high numbers of at-risk students and poverty rates of 40% or higher. School wide programs use Title I, Part A funds to upgrade the educational program of the entire school, with special attention to providing services to students identified as at-risk. Title I, Part A funds must be used to address the educational needs of the school.
- Targeted Assistance Programs– Targeted assistance programs are designed to provide supplemental services only to eligible students that are identified as at-risk of failing to meet the state’s academic content standards, rather than upgrading the entire school wide instructional system.
- District Managed Activities – An LEA may set aside a portion of Title I-A funds to support Title I schools under the following circumstances:
- Additional services and supports for Title I schools, with special attention to schools identified for comprehensive or targeted support and improvement or Title I schools assigned a Priority Improvement or Turnaround plan type
- Summer school, if the program consolidates the activity to specific sites
- Pay differential for Title I schools with any plan type assignment
- Additional parent activities
Parent and Family Engagement Activities – Title I, Part A requires LEAs that receive more than $500,000 in Title I, Part A funds to set aside funds for parent and family engagement activities.
Use of Funds:
The purpose of Title I, Part A funds is to enable schools to provide opportunities for children to acquire the knowledge and skills required to meet the Colorado English Language Proficiency (CELP) and Colorado Academic Standards (CAS). The law provides many flexibilities and opportunities for districts and schools to meet the purpose of Title I, Part A. In schoolwide programs, the use of Title I, Part A funds is based on a comprehensive needs assessment. In targeted assistance schools, the program is designed to provide extra educational assistance beyond the regular classroom to identified at-risk students.
In addition to the requirements for school wide and targeted assistance programs, Title I, Part A funds must also meet the following fiscal requirements:
- Maintenance of Effort – An LEA may only receive Title I, Part A funds if it maintains educational expenditures from State and local funds from on year to the next. An LEA cannot reduce its own spending and replace those funds with Federal funds.
- Comparability– An LEA may receive Title I, Part A funds only if State and local funds will be used in Title I schools that are at least comparable to those in non-Title I schools. An LEA may meet this requirement on a grade-span or school-by-school basis.
- Supplement not Supplant – Title I funds must supplement the amount of funds that would, in the absence of Title I funds, be available from non-Federal sources for the school, including funds needed to provide services that are required by law for children with disabilities and English learners.
- Reasonable and Necessary – All expenditures must be reasonable and necessary.
Title I programs in Westminster Public Schools offer special features at Title I elementary schools and middle schools. Some of those features include more teachers and instructional assistants; more training for school staff; extra time for instruction; a variety of teaching methods and materials; small classes during literacy and/or math; greater parent involvement and many others.